January 16, 2010


In medieval society, society is the state; in the bourgeois society, state and society confront each other; in the Communist society, the state is society.

Escolios a un Texto Implícito: Selección, p. 33


  1. The original Spanish is:

    En la sociedad medieval la sociedad es el estado; en la sociedad burguesa estado y sociedad se enfrentan; en la sociedad comunista el estado es la sociedad.

  2. Cf. Notas, pp. 197-198:

    "In a Communist society, the State alone exists and transforms itself into Society; in a bourgeois democracy, State and Society oppose each other; in a healthy society, Society transforms itself into the State, creates it, secretes it, constructs itself in it, like European society before the catastrophe of 1789."